1193 words sample essay on Cosmetics and Skin Care
Article Shared By: PRABLEEN KURUP

There are numerous products available that are designed to make us look younger for longer. As a consumer, we are faced with a bewildering array of beautifully packaged products. The cosmetic industry is constantly enticing us to purchase a miracle in a jar by striving to produce the most innovative and effective skin-care products. Cosmetic companies put in enormous resources to develop new and more effective skin products

As with any other product, cheap skin-care products use cheaper ingredients. While with the more expensive brands, we usually pay for the new ingredient or formula that is supposed to deliver the anti-ageing, anti-wrinkle, skin firming benefit. But price alone cannot be the determining factor, as cosmetics can achieve little except temporary moisturisation.

By law store-bought cosmetics and their ingredients must be safe for use. This means if we try them and they do not work, the only thing they will have damaged is our wallet. In some cases a lotion may cause skin irritation, but this will resolve when we stop using the product. By definition, a cosmetic is not allowed to alter the structure or function of the skin. In contrast, pharmaceutical products are subject to tighter controls and tests because they are more potent. Their benefits must be proved and side-effects reported.

Some of the standard ingredients in face creams are preservatives, emulsifiers, humectants, silicone and sunscreens. Preservatives prevent the growth of bacteria in cosmetics and extend the shelf-life of creams. Examples are essential oils or synthetic parabens, including ethyls, propyls and butyls that are non-toxic. Emulsifiers like linoelic acid ensure a smooth mixture and consistency.

Humectants like glycerin and glycol are commonly used derivatives of mineral oil. They act as a moisturizer by drawing water from the air to the skin’s surface. They also prevent the product from losing water and drying out. Silicone gives the cream a pleasing texture and makes application easier. Sunscreens to protect the skin are also added. Examples are octyl methoxycinnamate, titanium dioxide and zinc oxide.

In addition to these general ingredients for skin-care products, specific substances called ‘active’ ingredients are added in small quantities to give a desired effect. Some of the common active ingredients are alpha hydroxyl acid (AHA) for anti-ageing, amino acids (peptides), anti-oxidants, ascorbic acid, beta hydroxyl acid (BHA), ceramides, co-enzyme 10 (Q10), collagen, green tea, hyaluronic acid, lanolin, retinoic acid, retinol or retinyl palmitate, and tocopherol acetate.

These large numbers of ingredients make most people unsure about choosing the right skin-care product. Hence, while choosing a facial or body product it is advisable to seek the opinion of a skin-care professional rather than relying on products that we can find on shop shelves. Otherwise check the ingredient list. At the same time, one should not forget that skin care is more than just picking product. A healthy diet helps our skin far more than any cream.

Many people, especially women choose to fight skin and ageing problems with whatever they can afford. In the search for smooth skin, women regularly spend a lot of money on things ranging from herbal dietary supplements, gels, creams, seaweed, mud, soap, massagers to homeopathic injections, aromatherapy, skin patches, liposuction and laser surgery. Still, thousands, if not millions, of women are sufficiently displeased after spending considerable amount of money.However, there is a common sentiment shared by cosmetic surgeons and others in the beauty business that cosmetic procedures make women feel better about themselves. They say, just making an effort to look good sometimes makes us feel good, too.

 In the end what matters is how much a person is willing to endure in pursuit of making their body beautiful.

Dry skin is a condition (not necessarily a disease) where the skin is red, scaly and itchy. It is most common on face, hands, arms and legs. The problem is usually worse in autumn and winter. As people get older, the number of sebaceous glands that give out a type of oil in the skin is reduced due to decrease in the skin’s ability to hold moisture. In extreme cases, fish-like scaling of the skin is sometimes seen (ichthyosis).

The skin’s ability to hold water and protect the body depends on the amount of fat contained in epidermis, the outer layer of the skin. Genes also play a role. If relatives suffer from dry skin, a person is more likely to develop the condition. Other factors that have a great influence on how dry the skin can become are over-use of soap and water, a dry, warm indoor climate, excessive sunbathing and other environmental effects.

Dry skin can be prevented by using a mild soap with a skin-friendly pH value, applying a moisturizer while skin is still a little damp, and wearing light clothes made of cotton. The condition can be treated by using moisturizers and oily creams. Depending on the dryness of the skin, it may be best to use a relatively thin moisturizing lotion or cream in the summer and switching to a thicker more oily moisturizing ointment in the winter.

When washing, moisturizing shower gels and bath additives that do not strip the skin of its natural oils can be used instead of soap.

In extreme cases when dry skin takes the feature of inflammatory skin conditions such as eczema and dermatitis, it can be treated with a steroid cream that reduces inflammation.

There are a number of things that determine how quickly our skin ages, including genetic factors such as your natural skin type, environmental factors such as exposure to sunlight and external factors such as whether or not you smoke. In general, pale skins wrinkle faster than darker skins that are protected by increased amounts of pigment and lipids. However, all skin types can get blackheads, whiteheads and red inflamed bumps.

Blackheads, also called open comedones, look like benign black dots and they usually develop in larger pores that allow air to get in and react with the oil and dead skin cells inside, causing the plug to darken and appear black. Whiteheads, or closed comedones, are filled with the same matter as blackheads, but the pore is not as large. Air cannot get in and react with the sebum, so it stays white.

Both are milder types of spot, and for many people spots don’t progress beyond this stage. If pores remain blocked, the buildup of oil encourages normally harmless acne bacteria to multiply. This high level of bacteria puts the body’s immune system into attack mode, causing inflammation. Red inflamed bumps are a sign of infected pores caused by acne bacteria, and usually require stronger treatment.

A daily skincare routine is often enough to keep black and whiteheads at bay. Cleansing, toning and moisturizing twice a day, using gentle products is recommended. Oil-free water-based cosmetics and cleansers are advisable rather than those containing alcohol because alcohol can be very drying, even for oily skin. Excess oil from the skin’s surface can be removed using an oil-control cleanser. However, one has to remember that even the most effective face creams cannot turn back the years. They can only reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.